High-speed rail (HSR) is a type of passenger rail transport that operates significantly faster than the normal speed of rail traffic. Maximum commercial speed is about 350 km/h for the majority of national high speed railways in Japan, China, Taiwan, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, UK and other countries.
High speed trains travel at their maximum speed on specific tracks, generally using standard gauge with no crossings, and few curves.
Japan was first to enter into HSR era in 1964. While high-speed rail is usually designed for passenger travel, some high-speed systems also carry some kind of freight service. For instance, the French mail service La Poste owns a few special TGV trains for carrying postal freight.
Faster, more efficient mobility, enormous energy savings, reduced environmental damage -
• Creates new jobs
• Offers a convenient, comfortable way to travel without hassles or delays
• High speed trains are four times as energy efficient as cars and eight times as energy efficient as planes.
• Freedom from oil - Powered by clean electricity
• Reduces oil consumption - 80% of crude oil is now imported. 90% of oil is consumed by road sector.
• No emissions or pollution
• Safe, affordable, green transportation for everyone
• Saves lives. No fatalities in Shinkansen (Bullet Train, Japan) till date. Between 2001 to 2011 alone there had been 50 major accidents in Indian Railways.
• Provides efficient mobility that moves people and goods without delay and waste
• Hastens urbanization
• Accelerates overall economic development and promotes intra-regional business growth.